Statue of Liberty and burning World Trade Center

9/11 Dialogue With Future Leaders

Resources and Links


Click the plus signs under topics to view relevant resources and links Click here for these links in a printable PDF file.

Economic Costs of 9/11 Attacks and U.S. Response

a summary of direct economic costs of 9/11 

A 2002 report of the U.S. Congressional Research Service concluded that the direct impact of 9/11 attacks on the U.S. economy as a whole was minimal and did not contribute to an economic recession.

a comprehensive discussion of human, economic, and societal costs of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, as well as alternative future strategies and recommendations.

Human Costs of 9/11 Attacks and U.S. Response

U.S. , Allied  and contractors' deaths in Afghanistan and Iraq have reached 8,300, with over 500,000 veterans' disabilities reported.  ( not including impact on families of veterans.)   Afghan and Iraqi civilian casualties are estimated at 137,000. Refugees from both nations are estimated  in excess of 3 million.

Direct 9/11 impact on U.S.: 2,819 deaths

Comparing Iraq Strategies – Pres. George H.W. Bush(1991 ) vs. Pres. George W. Bush (2003)

Excerpts from State of Denial: Bush at War III by Bob Woodward (Simon & Schuster 2006)

PRESIDENT GEORGE H.W. BUSH’S EXPLANATION WHY NOT TO INVADE IRAQ IN THE 1990s:

pp. 11-12: "On February 28, 1999, the former president [George H.W.Bush spoke to] some 200 Gulf War veterans at the Fort Myer [Virginia] Army Base… It burned him up when people said they hadn’t finished the job, he said. "Had we gone into Baghdad—we could have done it. You guys could have done it. You could have been there in 48 hours. And then what? Which sergeant, which private, whose life would be at stake in perhaps a fruitless hunt in an urban guerilla war to find the most secure dictator in the world?... because I, unilaterally, went beyond international law, went beyond the stated mission, and aid we’re going to show our macho?...We’re going to be an occupying power—America in an Arab land—with no allies at our side. It would have been disastrous."

PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH’S DECISION IN NOVEMBER 2002 TO INVADE IRAQ:

p. 11- [Explaining his decision-making to the author on August 20, 2002, then-president George W. Bush stated], "referred a dozen times to his ‘instincts’ or ‘instinctive’ reactions as the guide for his decisions. At one point, he said, ’I’m not a textbook player, I’m a gut player.’"

INVESTIGATION: "Why Youth Join Al Qaeda?"

U.S. Army Col. J. Matt Venhaus considered interview with over 2,000 enemy combatants to learn "why youth join Al Qaeda" and other violent extremist organizations.

He concludes that normal youth, faced with economic and other personal problems, see Al Qaeda’s message of violent "jihad" as a dutiful and heroic solution.

He proposes a U.S. strategy to defeat Al Qaeda’s perverse media campaign and to offer real opportunities the disadvantaged Islamic youth. See http://www.usip.org/files/resources/SR236Venhaus.pdf

INVESTIGATION: Where Do Suicide Bombers Come From?

Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It by Robert A. Pape and James K. Feldman

Excerpts of this work are available in video, webpage and text forms:
For video, see "Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It" – video of author Robert Pape, explaining research as to 500 suicide bombers between 1980 and 2004, indicating their motivation not to be primarily religious, but primarily opposition of military occupations. (second half of 12 minute video)

For webpage, see "Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It" website with compilation of research data.
For related articles, see also by Robert Pape: A study of the limited effectiveness of "precision air attacks on leadership targets."

Other articles by Pape’s Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism.

International Criminal Court and Nonmilitary Responses

Interview with Juan Mendez, former Special Advisor on Prevention of Genocide to United Nations Secretary General, on the use of the International Criminal Court. Webpage also includes many related links.

Webpage with information about the operation of the International Criminal Court as presently constituted.

The United States and the International Criminal Court - The Bush administration reversed the Clinton administration’s approval for the International Criminal Court treaty. The Obama administration now is considering cooperation with the ICC.

Videos and  Articles on "Arab Spring"

Young Egyptians' video – The changes have only begun.

Beyond Tunisia and Egypt, peace protesters confront military dictators

A Time magazine survey of "Arab Spring" uprisings in progress in various Middle East countries

Could it work for Palestinian and Israeli peace? – New York Times commentary  and Time magazine, A New Palestinian Movement: Young, Networked, Nonviolent,( Mar. 31, 2011)

Articles on Terrorism, Disaster, and Public Health

Planning is important and "one size does not fit all." Local governments may have an important role.

A comprehensive discussion of principles

Articles on Muslims in the U.S; also, Islamic Faith generally

"Hidden Assets" discusses Muslim-Americans as overlooked resources- Randa Hudome, Esq.

PBS answers FAQs about common misconceptions about Islam

Truths Muslims, Christians and Jews hold in common

Videos and articles about Muslims organized against terrorism

United States Institute of Peace

The United States Institute of Peace is an independent, nonpartisan, national institution established and funded by Congress.
Its goals are to help:
  • Prevent and resolve violent international conflicts
  • Promote post-conflict stability and development
  • Increase conflict management capacity, tools, and intellectual capital worldwide
The Institute does this by empowering others with knowledge, skills, and resources, as well as by directly engaging in peacebuilding efforts around the globe.

USIP's Programs and Activities
In order to achieve the above goals, the Institute undertakes a unique combination of activities, including the following:
  • Operating on-the-ground in zones of conflict, most recently in Afghanistan, the Balkans, Colombia, Iraq, Kashmir, Liberia, the Korean Peninsula, Nepal, Pakistan, the Palestinian Territories, Nigeria, Sudan, and Uganda. Specific projects involve:
    o Mediating and facilitating dialogue among parties in conflict
    o Building conflict management skills and capacity
    o Identifying and disseminating best practices in conflict management
    o Promoting the rule of law
    o Reforming/strengthening education systems
    o Strengthening civil society and state-building
    o Educating the public through events, films, radio programs, and an array of other outreach activities

International Mediation Programs

There are many international mediation programs. One such newly organized NGO is "Mediators Beyond Borders"- to be discussed by 9/11 Dialogue panelist Rachel Wohl, Esq.

Some others focus on particular nations and conflicts. For example, The Geneva Initiative is a long-standing organization which offers education, public advocacy and "shadow negotiators" who have drafted a model peace treaty for future use by Palestinian and Israeli peace negotiators.

Peace and Justice Programs Connected to Universities and "Think Tanks"

Many colleges and universities have established "peace and justice," mediation and conflict resolution programs. See, for example, the American University's International Peace and Conflict Resolution program

Various universities' programs have greatly differing focuses, ranging from American families' divorces and domestic conflicts to international issues.

Links to More Studies and News Articles on Panel Topics

Costs of War –(website, video, links) – An excellent introduction by Brown University’s Eisenhower Study Group of the Watson Institute for International Studies. Students are encouraged to review both the “costs” pages and “alternatives / recommendations.”

How terrorist groups end – Lessons for Countering Al Qaida -a study by Rand Corporation, a nonpartisan research organization

"Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It" – video of author Robert Pape, explaining research as to 500 suicide bombers between 1980 and 2004, indicating their motivation not to be primarily religious, but primarily opposition of military occupations.  (second half of 12 minute video)

"Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It" " website with compilation of research data. See also by Robert Pape: A study of the limited effectiveness of "precision air attacks on leadership targets."

Other articles by Pape’s Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism.

Christian Science Monitor, "Cyberwarriors, your nation calls" (May 9, page 21) 

Christian Science Monitor, Cyberwar timeline from Internet founding to Stuxnet attack (March 7, 2011)

Time magazine, A New Palestinian Movement: Young, Networked, Nonviolent,( Mar. 31, 2011)

Trac 5 is an organization whose goals relate specifically to developing mutual respect, understanding and trust between Muslims and Christians.

One rabbi's suggestion for a 9/11 memorial

AT&T's Chief Security Officer proposes a  new set of Cyber security strategies

FINAL REPORT OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION (July 22 , 2004)

Click to view an excerpt from the executive summary discussing the need for long-term, nonmilitary strategies.

State of Denial: Bush at War III by Bob Woodward (Simon & Schuster 2006)

Click to view excerpts from this book

Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA by Pulitzer Prize winner Tim Weiner (Doubleday 2007)

Click to view excerpts from this book

Mark D. Siljander, A Deadly Misunderstanding: A Congressman's Quest to Bridge the Muslim-Christian Divide (Harper One 2008)

Click to view excerpts from this book